University Transfer

Academic Advisor - Transfer Glossary

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There is a lot of terminology associated with post-secondary education, especially when it comes to transferring between institutions.

If you don't know an elective from a credit, or the difference between a transfer or receiving institution, check out our glossary below.
A, B
Admission GPA--the grade point average used to determine acceptance to a program. May include a certain number of credits or certain courses.

After-degree--after you complete an undergraduate degree, you may choose to further your education in a more specialized area. For example, an after-degree in education.

Applied Degree--normally a four-year degree which includes one year of practicum; offered through colleges and technical institutes; work experience is part of the program; generally less expensive than going to a university; Example: Bachelor of Applied Science; may limit options for graduate studies (master‘s level).
Bachelor's degree (undergraduate degree)--normally taken as a four-year (120 credit) program at a university or university-college; some institutions offer three year  degrees, particularly in arts.
Block or Program Transfer – normally a diploma that is accepted as a block into a university degree; also referred to as 2 plus 2 degree or Post-diploma degree program.  For example Lakeland College environmental diploma wildlife and fisheries major graduates may receive up to 2 years (60 credits) when they transfer to Athabasca University, Royal Roads University, University of Alberta, University of Lethbridge and University of Minnesota.
Certificate--generally a one-year, specialized program; sometimes offered on a part-time or full-time basis, daytime or evening; may ladder into diploma programs.   

Competitive GPA--the required GPA recommended by the receiving institution in order to be considered for admission. The minimum GPA to apply to a program may be 2.5, but if many students apply each year, the competitive GPA may be 3.0.   

Co-op Programs
--generally available in the third or fourth year of a university degree; co-operative education options may be available in which a student works in a related field as part of the degree requirements.   

Core Requirements--courses required in order to meet graduation requirements at the college or university.   

Credential--the document issued by the post-secondary institution in recognition of completion of a required set of courses. Examples are certificate, diploma and degree.   

Credits--the numerical value assigned to a course by a post-secondary institution based upon the number of contact / classroom hours per week.
Diploma--normally taken full time over two years as a package of courses (canned program); can be pursued on a part-time basis; may contain work placements. Lakeland Examples: Animal Science Technology, Business Administration, Early Learning & Child Care and  Interior Design.

Direct-entry program--programs to which students may be admitted directly from high school. (also see Non Direct Entry Program).
Electives--courses chosen by students for credit towards their programs.​
Grades--may be assigned as percentages, letter grades, number grades; Lakeland College uses the 4-point scale.  

Grade Point Average (GPA)--the student’s average based upon number of credits and marks. GPA may be used to determine such thing as admission to a program, suspension and Dean’s List.  

Graduate Degree--Continuation of study upon completion of an undergraduate degree in a specialized area of study and at an advanced level, such as a Master’s Degree or Doctoral Degree/Ph.D.

High School Prerequisites--high school courses required in order to be admitted to a certificate or degree program. For example, many Lakeland College programs require 30-level English and math for admission; high school courses required to take a university-level course in the same or similar field (Example: CHEM 30 from high school is required in order to take any university-level chemistry courses).

Junior Level Courses--normally 100-level courses; introductory and broad in nature; provide the prerequisite for higher level courses; may be restrictions as to the number of junior-level courses allowed in order to meet graduation requirements.
Multiple mini interview (MMI)an interview format to assess candidate’s soft (interpersonal) skills. The MMI sees groups of candidates go through a circuit of interview stations. Since it was developed by McMaster University Medical School in the early 2000s, it is now used by medical, dental, pharmacy and veterinary schools as well as other professions including medical lab technology, physiotherapy and dental hygiene. 
Non-direct entry program--programs to which students cannot be admitted directly from high school. They may require 30-60 credits of coursework in order to be admitted; specific courses may be required for admission; or the first and second year of requirements may be called "pre-professional" studies; Example - 'Pre-Pharmacy". (see also Direct-entry program).
Overall GPA – a student’s total grade point average on all courses.
Pre-professional year--a general year of courses (normally taken in Arts, Sciences or a University Transfer program) which are used to determine admission to a specific program or faculty. For example: Students cannot go directly from high school into pharmacy, so they take at least one year of pre-professional studies before applying to a pharmacy program.  

courses required in order to be eligible to take subsequent courses.  

Post-Secondary Prerequisites--
university-level courses required before taking higher level courses. For example SOC 100 is a prerequisite for 200-level sociology classes).
Receiving Institution--the institution (university) the student transfers to in order to receive a credential; transfer credits are awarded by the receiving institution.

Residency Requirement--the percentage of course work a student must complete at the degree-granting institution in order to receive a credential; at most institutions, residency requirement is 50% which means that students must spend two years (60 credits) of a four-year degree (120 credits in total) at the university.
Sending/Transfer Institution--the institution where the student first completes courses.  

Senior Level Courses--
normally 200, 300, 400-level courses; higher level and more specialized; normally, prerequisite courses are required; transfer students must check the university (receiving institution) calendar regarding senior-level requirements and course prerequisites.  

Shelf Life--
some institutions have time limits on the granting of transfer credit, especially in areas where up-to-date curriculum is essential (such as business, nursing, computer science). 

Specified Credit--
when transfer credit is awarded for an exact match. For example HIST 266 = HIST 351).
Transfer Agreements--agreements between two institutions (a sender and a receiver) that specify how the sending institution's course or program will be accepted for credit at the receiving institution.  

Transfer Credits--course credits may be awarded for matching courses at different institutions; minimum grades to transfer may be in effect; may be recognized through formal agreements or may be awarded only after the student has applied to the receiving institution and submitted official transcripts.
University Transfer program--the first one or two years of a degree-level program taken at a college before transferring to a university or private college with an accredited degree program.
Unspecified Credit--when transfer credit is awarded but the course is not deemed an exact  match. For example HIST 266 = HIST 3xx.
What Students Say
With the Student-Managed Farm you learn to be accountable for what you’re doing and the choices you make. You get an understanding of what it’s like to be out in industry or on a farm making decisions that count.

– Anthony Biglieni

Agribusiness Class of 2006

What Alumni Say
Lakeland College has been a integral partner in growing our own through the school of business. As an alumnus of the college, I have first-hand learning experience in the school of business. The professors welcome Servus Credit Union to facilitate classes in the Business Ethics course each year.

– Sandi Unruh

Senior Human Resources Consultant

What Faculty & Staff Say
Vertex has had great experience bringing on students from Lakeland College. We have found the Bachelor of Applied Science (Environmental Management) program to provide students with good academic knowledge of the environmental industry and the criteria that governs the land reclamation

– Sean Fuller B.Sc., P.Ag.

Vice President, Environmental Services, Vertex.

What Alumni Say
There is no way I would be where I am today without Lakeland College. It inspired me to be a better person and to get a job in something I love doing. I am so thankful I had such a great experience at Lakeland and I hope future students do as well.

– Danielle Gaboury

Business studies, Class of 2016.

What Students Say
I recommend the UT program to people all the time. The smaller setting Lakeland offers, is very conducive to learning. It's less intimidating than the larger universities and allows for more class interactions and discussions

– Kelly Mykytuk

2nd year UT student, 2017-18

What Alumni Say
I have loved my experience at Lakeland. The teachers are personable, and quick to share about their own experiences. They encouraged me to run with my own ideas and see what would happen; they got excited about my designs, which gave me the confidence to do my best and be more creative.

– Payton Ramstead

Class of 2016, Interior Design student.

What Alumni Say
At Lakeland College you are guaranteed to have time out of the classroom where you can put everything you learned together and actually see that what you’re learning is relevant.

– Alisa Brace

Animal Health Technology, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The friendships I made, the experiences we were provided with, and the welcoming atmosphere of the Vermilion Campus made my time at Lakeland extremely valuable and memorable

– Grayden Kay

Animal Science & Agribusiness, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
Lakeland College was a learning environment unlike any other school. It allows students to learn beyond the classroom, and staff and faculty genuinely want to see students succeed. It’s a place where you can feel comfortable asking questions and where everyone has a place and fits in.

– Carson Reid

Agribusiness, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The instructors were the highlight of my time at Lakeland. It made a huge impact on my college experience to have instructors who challenged, encouraged, and believed in me.

– Jessica Cadrain

Child & Youth Care, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
At the beginning of my first year, I was really stressed out as I felt I had no artistic ability. But with the instruction and time put in by the interior design faculty, I was able to develop my artistic abilities. Now I am fully confident in and exceeding well in the artistic side of this career!

– Naomi Mason

Interior Design Technology, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I just feel like you get the best education at Lakeland, especially from the time that the instructors can actually spend with you. I like the class sizes too – everything’s been great about my Lakeland experience.

– Dean Coulson

Heavy Equipment Technician, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I do give Lakeland College credit for reigniting my interest and even preparing me for Miss Rodeo Canada. Lakeland helped me to grow enough to have the confidence to think I could take on that role and become that person. I think that I have and I am really grateful for that

– Ali Mullin

Agribusiness, class of 2014, former Miss Rodeo Canada.

What Alumni Say
I feel the professors at Lakeland actually prepared me for the profession. It’s impossible to be just a number here when there are 12 students in all of your classes. When the school advertised small class sizes, they actually meant it.

– Stephen Mark Visser

Real Estate Appraisal and Assessment, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I was involved in the president’s gala in April where I was an emcee for the evening, it was a great experience, and I had a lot of fun doing it and would recommend it to everyone.”

– Lucas Tetreault

HOPE Power Engineering, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
I would recommend Lakeland College for the simple fact that it's for everybody. As a mature student who went back to school much later than his 18th year, I was immediately accepted, and not ostracized in the least

– Donald James Shaw

Accounting Major, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
All the hands-on learning was great and very helpful once placed into the industry. Having clients leave with a smile after each service assured me that I was in the right field of work. I would recommend Lakeland to anyone.

– Courtnee Coolidge

Esthetician, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The professors care so much about their students at Lakeland and are able to know each and every one of them by name, so much so that they are able to nominate a ton of students for awards.

– Stephanie Wakefeild

University Transfer, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
They really put you in the lead at Lakeland. Lakeland cares about its students, empowers them, and gives them opportunities to achieve their goals. I don’t see Lakeland as a stepping stone or a first step – I see it as a bridge and an integral part of my education.

– Alyssa Wells

University Transfer, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
I wanted to get experience in the field of assessment as it would give me exposure to what it’s like day to day. It was an invaluable experience as I find it hard to imagine what it would be like working in a particular field or area until I’m doing the work.

– Sheldon Farrell

Real estate appraisal and assessment, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
In the campus spa, they give you time to work with each client so nothing is rushed and you’re able to concentrate on providing the best service you can to your client.

– Daphney Couturier

Esthetician, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
It’s going to be a lot easier to start our first jobs having this experience and having been able to build our confidence in the campus spa. I love that we get to have this opportunity.

– Darby Watchel

Esthetician, Class of 2017.