Students with language-based learning disabilities may experience difficulties with one or both of the following:
- Reading--decoding, word recognition, phonics, comprehension
- Written language--spelling, written expression
Once a learning disability has been diagnosed and evaluated by a registered Clinical or Educational Psychologist, students may be eligible for academic accommodations that may include:
- Reader and/or scribe for tests and exams.
- Reduced course load
- Audio recordings of lectures.
- Assistive technology such as laptop, voice recognition and speech to text software
- Alternate format of course material digital textbooks, e-text, books on tape for assignments and exams
- Content tutor
Students with language-based learning disabilities may benefit from the following instructional strategies:
- Provide feedback error analysis of tests and exams
- Provide outlines and organizational structure for class lectures
- Use demonstrations, visual aids, and concrete examples to reinforce course material
- Introduce key vocabulary and concepts before each unit of course material
- Allow for questions for student clarification before the start of an assignment or task
- Give access to lecture notes or PowerPoint presentation slides
For more information, see Understanding Disabilities
or go the Learning Disabilities Association of Canada
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