Research Ethics

Lakeland College recognizes that college employees and students will engage in research activities. To be in compliance with legislative and funding agency regulations, the college has established standards and procedures that ensure the integrity and accountability of any research conducted at Lakeland College.
 

What is Research?

“Research” is any type of inquiry involving staff or students. Including:
  • Whether they are acting as researchers or participants in the research process,
  • whether the research is conducted in person or by some other means (mail, telephone, or computer link),
  • or when it involves the review of records not normally available to the public.
 

Why are research ethics important?

Before we undertake any research, we get an ethical clearance. This ensures we handle the research, the research subject(s), and resulting data with the highest quality standards.

We use third party approval of our research protocols to ensure our research methods are thorough and limit liability. At Lakeland, we use Red Deer College's research ethical standards.
 

Red Deer College Human Research Ethics Forms

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What research requires ethics approval?
Research involving the following subjects or materials must comply with Lakeland College’s Procedures. This includes research involving:
  • Human subjects
  • Animal subjects
  • Biohazardous or radioactive material

Research activities that require environmental assessments or occur in the North are also required to comply with specialized permits.

 The Research Investigator is expected to comply with the principles of responsible conduct of research:
1. To conduct research as capably as their knowledge permits.
2. To fully protect the welfare, dignity, and rights of research participants.
3. To obtain ethical approval for all research done by or using College staff or students.

What is human research or minimal risk?
Human Research (Research Involving Humans) refers to any project that involves the collection of specimens, data, or information from persons through intervention or otherwise. Included are procedures that have a low degree of invasiveness such as, surveys, interviews, naturalistic observations, exercise or psychometric testing, examination of patient records, as well as more invasive procedures, such as blood sampling and administration of a substance. This also includes projects and procedures that may be defined as Minimal Risk.

Minimal Risk means that the risks of harm anticipated in the proposed research are not greater or more likely than those ordinarily encountered in life, including those encountered during the performance of routine physical or psychological examinations or tests
 
Research Involving Human Subjects: Purpose and Guiding Principles
Lakeland College is committed to ensure that research activities involving human subjects meet all ethical standards and policies. A key purpose is to ensure that the rights of human subjects participating in research projects conducted in the name of the College are respected and that such research is conducted ethically. Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans describes the principles that must guide research involving human subjects. Specifically:

Respect for Human Dignity. This cardinal principle of research protects the multiple interests of the person from bodily to psychological to cultural integrity. This principle forms the basis of the ethical obligations in research involving human subjects.

Respect for Free and Informed Consent. Individuals are generally presumed to have the capacity and the right to make free and informed decisions. This principle translates in practice into the dialogue, process, rights, duties and requirements for free and informed consent by the research participant.

Respect for Vulnerable Persons. Vulnerable persons, including children and institutionalized persons, are entitled to special protection against exploitation, discrimination or abuse. Special procedures may be required to protect these persons.

Respect for Privacy and Confidentiality. This standard protects the access, control and dissemination of personal information and materials. This principle is fundamental to the principle of respect for human dignity.

Respect for Justice and Inclusiveness. Justice means fairness and equity. The ethics review process must have fair methods, standards and procedures. Justice also balances benefits and potential harms and protects vulnerable segments of the population.

Balancing Harms and Benefits. The analysis and balance of harms and benefits are critical to the ethics of research involving human subjects. Foreseeable harms should not outweigh anticipated benefits. The balance must respect human dignity and impose strict ethical obligations on the validity, design, and conduct of research.

Minimizing Harm. It is the duty of those conducting research involving human subjects to avoid, prevent, or minimize harm to others. Research participants must be fully aware of any potential for harm at any stage of the research.

Maximizing Benefit. This principle imposes a duty to benefit the participants, and to maximize benefit to society as a whole.
How do I get human research ethics approval?
Lakeland College does not currently have its own Research Ethics Board (REB) to review human research ethics, therefore the College has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Red Deer College to access their REB.

Forms for research ethics submission can be accessed on RDC’s website. 
http://rdc.ab.ca/about/research-innovation/research-ethics/research-ethics

Submit forms to Lakeland College’s Applied Research team for review or preparation assistance prior to submitting to Red Deer College’s REB.

For more details on the process, download the Lakeland fact sheet on human research ethics.
Lakeland College’s Procedure - Research Ethics
How do I get animal research ethics approval?
Research involving animal subjects is governed by College Procedure 4.58 “Care of Animals Under College Control”.

Research involving animals cannot proceed until the research protocol has been approved by the College’s Animal Care Committee. Research protocols will follow Canada Council on Animal Care (CCAC) guidelines.

For more information, contact

Marisa Moe
780 853 8526
marisa.moe@lakelandcollege.ca
Reference Documents & Downloads
  • Lakeland College’s Procedure - Research Ethics (in development)
  • Lakeland College Procedure 4.58 - Care of Animals Under College Control
  • Research Ethics Fact Sheet
  • Red Deer College Research Ethics Website
  • Red Deer College Research Ethics Guidebook










What Students Say
With the Student-Managed Farm you learn to be accountable for what you’re doing and the choices you make. You get an understanding of what it’s like to be out in industry or on a farm making decisions that count.

– Anthony Biglieni

Agribusiness Class of 2006

What Alumni Say
Lakeland College has been a integral partner in growing our own through the school of business. As an alumnus of the college, I have first-hand learning experience in the school of business. The professors welcome Servus Credit Union to facilitate classes in the Business Ethics course each year.

– Sandi Unruh

Senior Human Resources Consultant

What Faculty & Staff Say
Vertex has had great experience bringing on students from Lakeland College. We have found the Bachelor of Applied Science (Environmental Management) program to provide students with good academic knowledge of the environmental industry and the criteria that governs the land reclamation

– Sean Fuller B.Sc., P.Ag.

Vice President, Environmental Services, Vertex.

What Alumni Say
There is no way I would be where I am today without Lakeland College. It inspired me to be a better person and to get a job in something I love doing. I am so thankful I had such a great experience at Lakeland and I hope future students do as well.

– Danielle Gaboury

Business studies, Class of 2016.

What Students Say
I recommend the UT program to people all the time. The smaller setting Lakeland offers, is very conducive to learning. It's less intimidating than the larger universities and allows for more class interactions and discussions

– Kelly Mykytuk

2nd year UT student, 2017-18

What Alumni Say
I have loved my experience at Lakeland. The teachers are personable, and quick to share about their own experiences. They encouraged me to run with my own ideas and see what would happen; they got excited about my designs, which gave me the confidence to do my best and be more creative.

– Payton Ramstead

Class of 2016, Interior Design student.

What Alumni Say
At Lakeland College you are guaranteed to have time out of the classroom where you can put everything you learned together and actually see that what you’re learning is relevant.

– Alisa Brace

Animal Health Technology, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The friendships I made, the experiences we were provided with, and the welcoming atmosphere of the Vermilion Campus made my time at Lakeland extremely valuable and memorable

– Grayden Kay

Animal Science & Agribusiness, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
Lakeland College was a learning environment unlike any other school. It allows students to learn beyond the classroom, and staff and faculty genuinely want to see students succeed. It’s a place where you can feel comfortable asking questions and where everyone has a place and fits in.

– Carson Reid

Agribusiness, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The instructors were the highlight of my time at Lakeland. It made a huge impact on my college experience to have instructors who challenged, encouraged, and believed in me.

– Jessica Cadrain

Child & Youth Care, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
At the beginning of my first year, I was really stressed out as I felt I had no artistic ability. But with the instruction and time put in by the interior design faculty, I was able to develop my artistic abilities. Now I am fully confident in and exceeding well in the artistic side of this career!

– Naomi Mason

Interior Design Technology, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I just feel like you get the best education at Lakeland, especially from the time that the instructors can actually spend with you. I like the class sizes too – everything’s been great about my Lakeland experience.

– Dean Coulson

Heavy Equipment Technician, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I do give Lakeland College credit for reigniting my interest and even preparing me for Miss Rodeo Canada. Lakeland helped me to grow enough to have the confidence to think I could take on that role and become that person. I think that I have and I am really grateful for that

– Ali Mullin

Agribusiness, class of 2014, former Miss Rodeo Canada.

What Alumni Say
I feel the professors at Lakeland actually prepared me for the profession. It’s impossible to be just a number here when there are 12 students in all of your classes. When the school advertised small class sizes, they actually meant it.

– Stephen Mark Visser

Real Estate Appraisal and Assessment, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I was involved in the president’s gala in April where I was an emcee for the evening, it was a great experience, and I had a lot of fun doing it and would recommend it to everyone.”

– Lucas Tetreault

HOPE Power Engineering, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
I would recommend Lakeland College for the simple fact that it's for everybody. As a mature student who went back to school much later than his 18th year, I was immediately accepted, and not ostracized in the least

– Donald James Shaw

Accounting Major, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
All the hands-on learning was great and very helpful once placed into the industry. Having clients leave with a smile after each service assured me that I was in the right field of work. I would recommend Lakeland to anyone.

– Courtnee Coolidge

Esthetician, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The professors care so much about their students at Lakeland and are able to know each and every one of them by name, so much so that they are able to nominate a ton of students for awards.

– Stephanie Wakefeild

University Transfer, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
They really put you in the lead at Lakeland. Lakeland cares about its students, empowers them, and gives them opportunities to achieve their goals. I don’t see Lakeland as a stepping stone or a first step – I see it as a bridge and an integral part of my education.

– Alyssa Wells

University Transfer, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
I wanted to get experience in the field of assessment as it would give me exposure to what it’s like day to day. It was an invaluable experience as I find it hard to imagine what it would be like working in a particular field or area until I’m doing the work.

– Sheldon Farrell

Real estate appraisal and assessment, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
In the campus spa, they give you time to work with each client so nothing is rushed and you’re able to concentrate on providing the best service you can to your client.

– Daphney Couturier

Esthetician, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
It’s going to be a lot easier to start our first jobs having this experience and having been able to build our confidence in the campus spa. I love that we get to have this opportunity.

– Darby Watchel

Esthetician, Class of 2017.

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Lakeland is a great place to find employees. The college provides real world training that equips soon-to-be employees with knowledge and people skills that are highly sought after in the agriculture industry these days.

– Dustin Dinwoodie

Key Account Manager – Western Canada Arysta LifeScience