Environmental Sciences

Conservation & Restoration Ecology (CARE) - Courses

CAMPUS:Vermilion Campus
For fall 2020, Lakeland is offering a blend of in-person, hands-on learning that will be augmented with online programming. Visit the COVID-19 update webpage for details.
Year 1 Required Courses CREDITS
BI 110 Ecology & Field Biology 3
Introduces fundamental ecological principles and concepts, emphasizing organisms and their environments as well as techniques for analysis of structure and function of these systems. Lectures cover ecological levels from individual, population and communities through to larger environmental scope of ecosystems and global ecology. Time spent in field studying plant and animal relationships in local community types using standard field equipment. Prerequisite: Biology 30.
BI 205 Limnology: Lakes & Rivers 3
This course covers various physical, chemical, and biological properties of both standing and running freshwater systems.  Students are introduced to various techniques used in the collection and analysis of limnological data, and how to use these data to assess the health of freshwater ecosystems. Prerequisite: BI 110.
BI 270 Managing Rangeland Ecosystems 3
Study of rangeland ecology, focus on soil-plant-animal-water interactions in rangeland ecosystems. Basic factors determining survival and competitive strategy of range plants studied. Sound range management strategies designed to ensure ecosystem stability and sustainability emphasized. Considerable time spent in lab learning to key and identify native plants. Prerequisite: BO 120.
BO 120 Field Botany & Plant Taxonomy 3
Native plants and communities of Alberta are studied focusing on general and applied plant botany. Students obtain practical field experience in plant community relationships while identifying, collecting, and preserving plants for further study.  Students spend considerable time learning to use plant keys for taxonomic classification and for identifying plant species and families.
CO 166 Scientific Writing & Computer Applications 3
Explore fundamental approaches to scientific writing. Time spent discussing what constitutes critical content and how that content is effectively organized for variety of documents used in scientific industry. Strategies for efficient technical writing emphasized for laboratory reports, formal technical and scientific reports, abstracts, and other discipline-specific applications.
MA 202 Statistics & Data Management 3
Introduction to basic statistical procedures and data management techniques used in environmental sciences. Emphasis on methods of organizing, storing, retrieving, analyzing, graphing and interpreting environmental data with database and spreadsheet software. Major topics include measures of central tendency and dispersion, probability distributions, hypothesis testing, correlation analysis, simple linear regression and single-factor analysis of variance.
SC 110 Inorganic Chemistry 3
This is a basic course in inorganic chemistry with an emphasis on environmental applications. Basic chemical concepts are presented in the lecture series with application of those concepts in the laboratory component.
SC 120 Maps, Air Photos & GPS 3
Introduction to map reading, map contents, coordinate systems and National Topographic System (NTS maps). Practice map interpretation, measurement, and scale calculations, and learn to interpret contours and visualize relief. Compass use and basic field orienteering taught. Aerial photography introduced, emphasis on understanding of annotation, scale, measurement, indexing and purchase of conventional and digital products. Practice stereo viewing, and learn to relate aerial photos to maps at different scales. Global Positioning System (GPS) instruments used for navigation, and learn to collect, differentially correct and upload field coordinate data.
SC 140 Environmental Sustainability 3
Focus on human interactions with the environment. Environmental impacts of food production and agriculture, forestry, mining, energy processing, urbanization, and other land-use activities explored. Considerable time spent investigating current environmental issues within context of society: water quantity and quality, global warming, air pollution, and biodiversity crisis. National and provincial environmental policy relating to these issues investigated.
SC 200 Organic Chemistry 3
Study structure, properties and reactions of main classes of organic compounds and relationship to living organisms and environment. Laboratory techniques, including tests required for assessing environmental quality. Prerequisite: SC 110.
SC 220 GIS & Remote Sensing 3
Learn Geographic Information Systems (GIS), remote sensing and aerial photography concepts. Practice photogrammetry, stereovision and image interpretation, while working with variety of hardcopy and digital imagery products. Use scanners, digitizers and Global Positioning System (GPS) instruments for data input. Gain proficiency with ArcGIS, ArcView and Idrisi GIS software packages in laboratory sessions that emphasize natural resource management applications. Prerequisite: SC 120.
SO 210 Introductory Soil Science 3

This course provides an overview of soil formation processes and the fundamental morphological, physical, chemical and biological characteristics of soil.  Students gain knowledge of soils through lectures and hands on experience. Students become familiar with The Canadian System of Soil Classification to the Order level and the issues associated with ‘problem soils’. Prerequisites: none. Co-requisites: SC 200.

Year 2 Required Courses CREDITS
BI 210 Forest Ecology 3
Introduction to ecological forest management. Emphasis on forest ecosystem function and impacts of industry and other land-use on forests on landscape scale. Topics include dendrology, ecological disturbance, forest biodiversity, forest management techniques, approaches to forest restoration and reclamation criteria for forested areas. Field trips and labs used to develop field skills in tree and shrub identification, timber cruising, stand assessment and ecosystem classification. Prerequisites: BI 110 and BO 120.
BI 317 Wetland Classification and Management 3
Wetland ecosystems and riparian area health and key ecological functions are studied.  Wetland classification and delineation assessments related to current water policy and acts are discussed and practiced. Best management practices that promote health and minimize impacts are explained for agricultural, urbanization, and industrial activities. Students practice health assessments, classify and delineate wetlands, and key and identify wetland plants. Prerequisites: BI 270 and BO 120.
SC 281 Invasive Plant Ecology & Management 3
This course focuses on vegetation management with emphasis on invasive weedy plants. Weed Biology and competitive strategies of these plants are studied in detail. Tools and techniques for control, such as fire, grazing, and herbicides are described for control of invasive plants in native and non-native communities. Students spend considerable time  in lab identifying weed species, seedlings and seeds. Prerequisite:BI 270 & BO 120
SC 301 Applied Hydrology 3
This course focuses on the main components of the hydrologic cycle and how this impacts quantity, quality and distribution of water resources within a watershed basin. Precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff, streamflow and groundwater flow are examined with reference to drought, flooding, erosion and sedimentation. Students are introduced to field techniques in stream discharge measurement, and geomorphic characterization of watersheds. 
SC 307 Environmental Site Assessment 3
Gain basic understanding of how to evaluate contaminated sites through processes of a Site Assessment, Site Characterization, and parallel process of Environmental Risk Assessment. Effective management of environmental risks (i.e. contamination) and remediation of contaminated sites requires basic understanding of science, policy and culture of risk assessment and risk management. Prerequisites: SC 110 and SC 200.
SC 329 Fundamentals of Restoration Ecology 3
This course focuses on the foundations of restoration ecology and introduces techniques used to restore native plant communities in grassland, forest, parkland, and wetland habitats.  It examines the causes and consequences of ecological degradation and emphasizes approaches to restoring and maintaining ecological characteristics and processes.  Special consideration is given to species at risk and the conservation of plant and animal populations.  Field trips and field labs provide students with the opportunity to observe or participate in restoration activities in a variety of habitat types. Prerequisites: BI 110 and BO 120.
SC 444 Land Use and Urban Ecology 3
This course focuses on land-use planning frameworks, legislation and policies, and explores concepts of urban ecology and development. The knowledge of these tools provides students with skills to assess and coordinate activities that impact land-use and stewardship. An emphasis is on integrated land management and environmental assessments, including urban environments.
SC 470 Applied Techniques in Restoration 3
Applied restoration ecology provides students with an advanced and applied understanding of current techniques. The course addresses how practical restoration techniques are applied based on scientific, environmental, and social considerations. Students will develop critical thinking and analytical decision making skills through scientific review, case studies and discussion.
SO 320 Soil Conservation 3
This course is a study of soil properties from a soil conservation perspective. The primary focus is on understanding soil properties to achieve soil and water conservation objectives and to prevent soil degradation. Field techniques used to assess soil degradation and to implement erosion and sediment control projects are emphasized.
SO 340 Soil Classification & Landforms 3
Study of the Canadian System of Soil Classification with emphasis on factors affecting soil genesis and taxonomy. Topics include geology, glaciation, weathering, chemistry and physics of Canadian soils. Extensive fieldwork on methods of classifying soils and landforms, soil mapping and report preparation/use and basic procedures in land assessment. Prerequisite: SO 210.
ZO 245 Wildlife Habitat Conservation 3
Wildlife habitat requirements, diets, distributions, and legal status designations are profiled for wildlife that range in the Prairie Provinces. Wildlife field signs are described and distinguished in the field. Field sampling technique and data collection protocols for habitat are introduced and practiced. Key concepts for conserving, managing and enhancing wildlife habitats for biodiversity and for mitigating disturbances are introduced. Prerequisites: BI110 and BO120.
ZO 350 Wildlife Biodiversity 3
Conserving biodiversity requires primary knowledge of the species present. Students learn to distinguish terrestrial wildlife biodiversity of the Prairie Provinces through the comparison of apparent characteristics, ecological and biological attributes and selected calls.  Students develop a pollinator conservation project and learn the survey protocols for selected wildlife species.
What Students Say
With the Student-Managed Farm you learn to be accountable for what you’re doing and the choices you make. You get an understanding of what it’s like to be out in industry or on a farm making decisions that count.

– Anthony Biglieni

Agribusiness Class of 2006

What Alumni Say
Lakeland College has been a integral partner in growing our own through the school of business. As an alumnus of the college, I have first-hand learning experience in the school of business. The professors welcome Servus Credit Union to facilitate classes in the Business Ethics course each year.

– Sandi Unruh

Senior Human Resources Consultant

What Faculty & Staff Say
Vertex has had great experience bringing on students from Lakeland College. We have found the Bachelor of Applied Science (Environmental Management) program to provide students with good academic knowledge of the environmental industry and the criteria that governs the land reclamation

– Sean Fuller B.Sc., P.Ag.

Vice President, Environmental Services, Vertex.

What Alumni Say
There is no way I would be where I am today without Lakeland College. It inspired me to be a better person and to get a job in something I love doing. I am so thankful I had such a great experience at Lakeland and I hope future students do as well.

– Danielle Gaboury

Business studies, Class of 2016.

What Students Say
I recommend the UT program to people all the time. The smaller setting Lakeland offers, is very conducive to learning. It's less intimidating than the larger universities and allows for more class interactions and discussions

– Kelly Mykytuk

2nd year UT student, 2017-18

What Alumni Say
Choosing to attend Lakeland College was one of the best decisions that I’ve made in my life so far. The welcoming and friendly Lakeland environment encourages a place of excellence, and fosters the ability to be successful not only in school, but in life.

– Mariah Van’t Hof

University Transfer, Class of 2015

What Alumni Say
I have loved my experience at Lakeland. The teachers are personable, and quick to share about their own experiences. They encouraged me to run with my own ideas and see what would happen; they got excited about my designs, which gave me the confidence to do my best and be more creative.

– Payton Ramstead

Class of 2016, Interior Design student.

What Alumni Say
At Lakeland College you are guaranteed to have time out of the classroom where you can put everything you learned together and actually see that what you’re learning is relevant.

– Alisa Brace

Animal Health Technology, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The friendships I made, the experiences we were provided with, and the welcoming atmosphere of the Vermilion Campus made my time at Lakeland extremely valuable and memorable

– Grayden Kay

Animal Science & Agribusiness, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
Lakeland College was a learning environment unlike any other school. It allows students to learn beyond the classroom, and staff and faculty genuinely want to see students succeed. It’s a place where you can feel comfortable asking questions and where everyone has a place and fits in.

– Carson Reid

Agribusiness, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The instructors were the highlight of my time at Lakeland. It made a huge impact on my college experience to have instructors who challenged, encouraged, and believed in me.

– Jessica Cadrain

Child & Youth Care, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
At the beginning of my first year, I was really stressed out as I felt I had no artistic ability. But with the instruction and time put in by the interior design faculty, I was able to develop my artistic abilities. Now I am fully confident in and exceeding well in the artistic side of this career!

– Naomi Mason

Interior Design Technology, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I just feel like you get the best education at Lakeland, especially from the time that the instructors can actually spend with you. I like the class sizes too – everything’s been great about my Lakeland experience.

– Dean Coulson

Heavy Equipment Technician, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I do give Lakeland College credit for reigniting my interest and even preparing me for Miss Rodeo Canada. Lakeland helped me to grow enough to have the confidence to think I could take on that role and become that person. I think that I have and I am really grateful for that

– Ali Mullin

Agribusiness, class of 2014, former Miss Rodeo Canada.

What Alumni Say
I feel the professors at Lakeland actually prepared me for the profession. It’s impossible to be just a number here when there are 12 students in all of your classes. When the school advertised small class sizes, they actually meant it.

– Stephen Mark Visser

Real Estate Appraisal and Assessment, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I was involved in the president’s gala in April where I was an emcee for the evening, it was a great experience, and I had a lot of fun doing it and would recommend it to everyone.”

– Lucas Tetreault

HOPE Power Engineering, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
I would recommend Lakeland College for the simple fact that it's for everybody. As a mature student who went back to school much later than his 18th year, I was immediately accepted, and not ostracized in the least

– Donald James Shaw

Accounting Major, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
All the hands-on learning was great and very helpful once placed into the industry. Having clients leave with a smile after each service assured me that I was in the right field of work. I would recommend Lakeland to anyone.

– Courtnee Coolidge

Esthetician, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The professors care so much about their students at Lakeland and are able to know each and every one of them by name, so much so that they are able to nominate a ton of students for awards.

– Stephanie Wakefeild

University Transfer, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
They really put you in the lead at Lakeland. Lakeland cares about its students, empowers them, and gives them opportunities to achieve their goals. I don’t see Lakeland as a stepping stone or a first step – I see it as a bridge and an integral part of my education.

– Alyssa Wells

University Transfer, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
I wanted to get experience in the field of assessment as it would give me exposure to what it’s like day to day. It was an invaluable experience as I find it hard to imagine what it would be like working in a particular field or area until I’m doing the work.

– Sheldon Farrell

Real estate appraisal and assessment, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
In the campus spa, they give you time to work with each client so nothing is rushed and you’re able to concentrate on providing the best service you can to your client.

– Daphney Couturier

Esthetician, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
It’s going to be a lot easier to start our first jobs having this experience and having been able to build our confidence in the campus spa. I love that we get to have this opportunity.

– Darby Watchel

Esthetician, Class of 2017.

What Employers Say
Lakeland is a great place to find employees. The college provides real world training that equips soon-to-be employees with knowledge and people skills that are highly sought after in the agriculture industry these days.

– Dustin Dinwoodie

Key Account Manager – Western Canada Arysta LifeScience

What Alumni Say
The hands-on field trips, quality of education i received, professors who are invested in your success, and all the friends I made. I exceeded my academic expectations and I also had a lot of fun. If i had to do it all over gain, i would choose Lakeland!

– Nicole (Audet) Pysh

Class of 2006, Environmental Protection & Class of 2008, Applied Environmental Degree